APHDR Technical Background Paper 2010/08

This paper is primarily a literature review, which focuses on: a) the gendered aspects, dimensions and gender impact of rural livelihoods in the Asia-Pacific region; and b) how these aspects and dimensions are (or not) changing; and c) the impacts of these changes. It has the following objectives.more


APHDR Technical Background Paper 2010/09

This paper examines in detail migration processes and feminization of migration in the Asia-Pacific region within the human development framework. It explores particular problems faced by female migrants such as policies hindering remittances, their social status vis-à-vis other migrants, lack ofmore


APHDR Technical Background Paper 2010/10

This paper explores the gender dimensions of asset ownership. It examines the multitude of inheritance systems and legal provisions existing in the Asia-Pacific region with special reference to the challenges faced by women. The efforts taken throughout the region to ensure equitable rights formore

APHDR Technical Background Paper 2010/11

The participation of women and girls in armed conflict is far more common than recognized. Women have been embracing revolts, independence struggles, and war in many countries. They are in demand for “support” roles like intelligence, logistics, food, nursing, as well as for combat, bombings andmore


APHDR Technical Background Paper 2010/12

This paper attempts to provide a gender framework for understanding the right of women and gender minorities to political participation. The author describes observed patterns of political participation in Asia and the Pacific vis-à-vis different types of prevalent governments, electoral and legalmore

APHDR Technical Background Paper 2010/13

In recent years, we observe the expansion of the concept of gender to include the range of identities that do not conform to the traditional notions of masculinity and femininity. The original formulation of masculinity and femininity as being socially constructed had taken into consideration themore


APHDR Technical Background Paper 2010/14

An orchestration of multiple forces determines the overall status of women within the justice system of the Pacific Island countries and territories. The law, whether formal or customary, is neither neutral nor gender blind: nor is it legislated or interpreted in a vacuum without reference to themore


APHDR Technical Background Paper 2010/15

This paper examines the parameters of the legal framework in the countries of South Asia and Iran from a gender perspective. It identifies the fault lines in the de jure position of the justice systems as well as the gaps between the de jure and the de facto positions. The study also indicates thatmore


APHDR Technical Background Paper 2012/01

This paper surveys the evidence on the ways in which economic development and policies aimed at advancing human development have contributed and currently contribute to greenhouse gas emissions and global warming. It also examines the feedback effects that such warming and the resulting climatemore


APHDR Technical Background Paper 2012/06

UNDP engaged the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) and researchers in Australia, India and Indonesia to provide a technical paper on Climate Change and Vulnerability of People in Cities of Asia. A literature review was undertaken to investigate and analyse themore