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HIV/AIDS and Mobility in South Asia
For the millions who seek greater employment and economic opportunities, migration is an
increasingly attractive option. Protecting and promoting migrants’ right to health, including
access to HIV services, is vital for safe mobility. HIV/AIDS and Mobility in South Asia, published by
the UN Development Programme, UNAIDS, and ILO, offers analysis and specific recommendations
to address current migration trends with regard to HIV in seven countries in the Asian sub-region.
While migration itself is not considered a vulnerability factor for HIV infection, the conditions under which people migrate have been shown to expose them to a greater risk of such infection. Vulnerability to HIV is often an outcome of external factors, including language barriers, prejudice, discrimination, lack of access to health care facilities and support mechanisms. Countries that send migrants out, as well as host countries, have important roles in protecting migrants’ rights and access to health services. However, to date, a general absence of support services and treatment for sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, throughout the migration cycle is evident in all countries of South Asia.
The report collects and synthesizes the latest information, materials and research to provide
a uniform baseline description of the HIV/AIDS and Mobility situation in the seven countries
profiled. It covers:
Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka
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